Although different NSAIDs have different structures, they all work by blocking cyclo-oxygenase (COX) enzymes. There are two main types of COX enzymes: COX-1 and COX-2. Both types produce prostaglandins; however, the main function of COX-1 enzymes is to produce baseline levels of prostaglandins that activate platelets and protect the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, whereas COX-2 enzymes are responsible for releasing prostaglandins after infection or injury. Prostaglandins have a number of different effects, one of which is to regulate inflammation.
Treatment of endometriosis can be with medication or surgery.
These drugs are strong and effective painkillers and anti-inflammatory agents. They are prescription products and because of their potential side effects, careful adherence to dosing quantity and frequency must be followed. The manufacturers recommend periodic blood work to be done on animals that are being treated with these products to monitor any developing liver problems or other complications resulting from their use. Any NSAID should not be used with aspirin, corticosteroids, or other NSAIDs. Acetaminophen (Tylenol®) and ibuprofen have many more potentially serious side effects and are not recommended for use in dogs without very careful veterinary supervision. NSAIDs can be safely used with products containing glucosamine or chondroitin. Although there are health risks associated with using NSAIDs in dogs, especially if not used according to directions or the animal has other health problems, you can reduce the possibility of these risks by taking the following actions: